What to do if you’ve sustained a Concussion
Following a suspected concussion, it is recommended that you consult a Medical Physician (Family GP or Sport Physician) as early as possible for medical evaluation. Most sport-related concussion injuries do not require emergent care. It is also important that a person remain under close observation over the first few hours following their injury, and should not be left alone or allowed to drive. See our FAQ page for a full list of concussion signs and symptoms.
When to go to the hospital:
Emergency evaluation is warranted in situations of deteriorating mental status such as increasing confusion and difficulty recognizing people or places. Other symptoms requiring immediate medical attention include worsening headache; nausea or vomiting, and excessive drowsiness or lethargy.
When a concussion is suspected, we also recommend booking an initial assessment as early as possible with Dr. Brennan. Even if you have not had a baseline assessment with Active Balance or another Shift provider, Dr. Brennan will assess your injury and provide you with a management strategy to aid in your recovery.
Assessments and subsequent visits/therapy are covered under most extended healthcare benefit packages (eg. Chiropractic, Physiotherapy, Osteopathy). For inquiries please contact us.
What to expect at your Assessment
Dr. Brennnan will conduct a thorough post-injury evaluation in order to gain a complete picture of your injury and how it’s impacted you. This includes a detailed interview in order to obtain information on:
- How the injury occurred
- How you felt immediately after
- How you’re feeling currently
- History of previous concussions
- Current and past medical conditions
- Previous trauma/injury
The physical examination provides us with insight into the severity of your injury, as well as specific impairments that may need to be addressed as part of an ongoing management strategy. This portion of testing may include a combination of the following:
- Computerized neurocognitive testing
- Balance testing
- Strength and Coordination testing
- Screening of visual motor skills
- Vestibular (or equilibrium) testing
- Gait assessment
- Generalized neurological screen and Cranial Nerve Exam
- Orthopedic assessment of secondary injuries (e.g. neck, shoulders)
The above testing procedures may not all be completed on the first visit. The assessment methods used are tailored to the immediate needs of the person and Dr. Brennan may use his discretion on a case-by-case basis.
Following a concussion, the “sitting in a dark room” approach is only effective for so long. Concussions, like other sports injuries, should be properly managed and rehabilitated. While complete physical and cognitive rest is the mainstay of concussion care, having a health professional guide you through this step-by-step may prove to be invaluable.
Recovering from a concussion can be a difficult and frustrating time. At Active Balance, we understand that each person is affected differently and as such, requires individualized care. Management strategies are used to limit the amount of impairment as well as expedite recovery as much as possible. These strategies may include any one or a combination of the following and are case-dependent:
- Individualized resting strategies and home instruction
- Specific recommendations around employment/academic demands
- Manual therapy for associated complaints (neck pain, whiplash etc.)
- Visual motor rehabilitation
- Vestibular therapy
- Physical exertion testing and exercise plans for return-to-sport
Once symptom free, it is recommended that each person undergo a step-wise process of physical exertion testing. Similar to weight training, people recovering from a concussion should not skip to 100% exertion from 0% in a short time frame. Physical exertion testing is important not only for physical re-conditioning, but to guard against symptom relapse and help prevent premature return-to-sport/activity. Dr. Brennan can guide you through this process.